Harnessing P2P Streaming to Tackle the Tech Industry’s Insatiable Electricity Appetite


The rapid evolution of technology has revolutionized how we consume media, with streaming platforms becoming a dominant force. However, this growth has not come without significant challenges, particularly regarding energy consumption. At QUANTEEC, this is a fundamental concern that drives our P2P Streaming technology. A recent article in Le Monde highlights the alarming electricity demands of the tech industry across the United States, raising concerns about sustainability and environmental impact. In this context, innovative solutions like Peer-to-Peer (P2P) streaming are emerging as viable alternatives to traditional content delivery networks (CDNs), offering a greener approach to digital media distribution.

An image of a laptop split into two contrasting halves. The left half shows intense flames and fire emerging from the screen, symbolizing high energy or a burning issue without P2P Streaming. The right half of the laptop is dark and blank, set against a backdrop of a peaceful, green forest with small trees, suggesting tranquility and environmental awareness. The logo of Quanteec, accompanied by the tagline ‘streaming with purpose,’ is positioned at the bottom left corner of the image.

The Energy Challenge of Streaming

Streaming platforms account for a substantial portion of global internet traffic, with viewers in the United States spending an average of 43.5 hours per week on these services ( Parker Associates, 2024). The traditional CDN model, which relies heavily on centralized servers to deliver content, faces significant scalability issues, often leading to server overloads during high-demand events. More critically, the energy consumption associated with these servers is immense. If streaming were a country, it would be the sixth highest electricity consumer globally, consuming 577 TWh annually according to the least optimistic studies.

P2P Streaming: A Sustainable Alternative

P2P streaming presents a paradigm shift in how content is delivered. Instead of relying solely on centralized servers, P2P technology distributes the load across numerous users, turning each viewer into a re-streamer. This model not only enhances scalability and performance but also significantly reduces energy consumption. 

By complementing CDNs, P2P technology offers a two-dimensional solution for a better future in streaming. In the current scenario, QUANTEEC could save up to 50% of the energy used in streaming delivery. On a larger scale, if this technology were widely adopted, the industry would not need to build and deploy new servers to meet growing demand. Instead, by distributing the load across smaller nodes, the reach could be expanded up to 50 times.

Performance and Cost Benefits

Beyond its environmental advantages, P2P streaming also provides notable performance and cost benefits. At QUANTEEC, we ensure optimal streaming quality, even during peak usage times, by dynamically adjusting to the number of active viewers. This results in fewer server crashes and a more reliable viewing experience. Additionally, by offloading a significant portion of the traffic from central servers, P2P streaming reduces operational costs for content providers. Factually, our clients at QUANTEEC report a minimum of 25% savings compared to traditional CDN models.

Enhancing Viewer Experience

A critical aspect of P2P streaming is its ability to maintain, if not enhance, the viewer experience. Technologies like QUANTEEC are CDN-agnostic and fully compatible with existing video players, hence ensuring a seamless transition for content providers. With features like ultra-low latency and continuous optimal quality, our P2P streaming technology meets the high standards expected by modern viewers. Moreover, the ease of integration and straightforward installation make it an attractive option for broadcasters and OTT platforms. Whether working with a small CDN or industry leaders, QUANTEEC’s solution enhances current streaming systems and is compatible with all technologies designed to improve the industry.

Real-World Implementation

Among QUANTEEC partners, one case illustrates the unique challenges and solutions in the market. This broadcaster operates with a modest CDN across two continents. While this infrastructure suffices for everyday audiences, special events, especially sports, require overflow to larger servers with greater capacity. This approach incurs high costs due to the lack of preferential rates given to larger broadcasters.

Using these mega servers, which often operate below capacity, contributes to excessive energy consumption. They must be prepared for audience peaks, but this lack of customization for each client generates inefficiencies. When QUANTEEC’s technology is deployed, the small servers of our client increase their broadcasting power fiftyfold, easily handling even the highest audience peaks.

This demonstrates the potential of QUANTEEC’s P2P technology: not only does it reduce additional broadcasting costs and ensures service stability, but it also absorbs audience peaks, and delivers ultra-low latency and optimal quality for every device. Moreover, the broadcaster contributes to optimized streaming, achieving energy savings and avoiding resource wastage.


The insatiable appetite for electricity in the tech industry, especially within the streaming sector, poses significant environmental and economic challenges. However, with the advent of the next generation of P2P technology, a promising solution is on the horizon. By distributing the load and reducing reliance on centralized servers, QUANTEEC’s p2p streaming technology not only improves scalability and performance but also offers substantial energy and cost savings. As the industry evolves, embracing these innovative technologies that optimize current systems will be key to achieving a sustainable and efficient future across all sectors, particularly in streaming.

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